Eye Surgery

Eye Surgery

Eye Surgery

Eye Surgery

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry's standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

​​​​​​​Cataract Surgery

Cataract surgery is a common surgical procedure performed to remove a cataract, which is a clouding of the natural lens inside the eye that causes blurred vision. The surgery aims to replace the cloudy lens with an artificial lens, known as an intraocular lens (IOL), to restore clear vision.

Here is a step-by-step explanation of the cataract surgery process:

  1. Preoperative evaluation: Before the surgery, you will undergo a comprehensive eye examination to assess the extent of your cataract, measure the shape and size of your eye, and determine the power of the IOL needed for optimal vision correction.

  1. Anesthesia: Cataract surgery is typically performed on an outpatient basis, meaning you do not have to stay overnight in the hospital. Local anesthesia is used to numb the eye region, often in the form of eye drops or an injection around the eye. You may also receive a mild sedative to help you relax during the procedure.

  1. Incision: A tiny incision is made in the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye. Nowadays, surgeons often use a technique called phacoemulsification, which involves using an ultrasound probe to break up the cataract into tiny fragments. These fragments are then removed through the incision.

  1. Lens removal: Once the cataract is broken up and removed, the natural lens capsule, a thin membrane that held the lens in place, is left intact. The surgeon thoroughly cleans the capsule to ensure it is free from any remaining lens material.

  1. Intraocular lens implantation: An artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is then inserted into the lens capsule. The IOL is typically made of plastic, silicone, or acrylic material and is designed to correct your vision, often targeting your specific refractive error, such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism.

  1. Closure: The surgeon ensures that the IOL is positioned correctly and securely within the lens capsule. The incision is usually self-sealing and does not require stitches. In some cases, a protective shield or patch may be placed over the eye for a short period after surgery.

​​​​​​​The entire procedure usually takes about 10 to 20 minutes, although the exact duration can vary depending on the complexity of the cataract and the surgeon's technique. After the surgery, you will be monitored for a short time to ensure that there are no immediate complications.

Recovery from cataract surgery is typically quick, and you may experience improved vision within a day or two. Your eye may be temporarily sensitive to light and touch, and you may be prescribed eye drops to prevent infection and promote healing. It's important to follow the postoperative instructions provided by your surgeon, including attending follow-up appointments.

​​​​​​​Cataract surgery is considered safe and highly effective, with a high success rate in improving vision and quality of life for patients with cataracts. However, as with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications, such as infection, bleeding, inflammation, and posterior capsule opacification (clouding of the capsule behind the IOL). Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you and address any concerns you may have before proceeding with the surgery.


YAG capsulotomy is a procedure used to treat secondary cataracts, also known as posterior capsule opacification (PCO).

What are secondary cataracts?

Secondary cataracts can occur after you have undergone cataract surgery. During cataract surgery, the cloudy natural lens of your eye is replaced with an artificial lens implant. Over time, some patients may develop a thickening and clouding of the capsule that holds the lens implant in place, causing blurred vision, increased glare, or other visual disturbances. A YAG capsulotomy is a safe and effective procedure used to treat secondary cataracts.

What is a YAG capsulotomy?

A YAG capsulotomy is a non-invasive laser procedure performed to improve vision by removing the cloudy capsule behind the artificial lens implant. The name "YAG" refers to the type of laser used, which is a Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet laser.

​​​​​​​Before the procedure:

  1. Consultation: Your eye care professional will evaluate your eye health and determine if a YAG capsulotomy is necessary and appropriate for your condition.

  1. Preparation: You may need to undergo various tests to assess your eye's health, measure intraocular pressure, and evaluate your vision.

During the procedure:

  1. Pupil dilation: Your eye care professional will dilate your pupil using eye drops.

  1. Procedure: You will be seated in front of a specialized laser machine. The doctor will use a laser to create a small, painless opening in the cloudy capsule, allowing light to pass through and restore clear vision.

  1. Duration: The procedure is typically brief, lasting only a few minutes.

After the procedure:

  1. Recovery: You can usually resume your normal activities immediately after the procedure. However, someone should drive you home.

  1. Vision changes: Your vision may initially appear blurry or distorted, but this is normal and temporary. It should improve over the next few hours or days.

  1. Medications: Your doctor may prescribe eye drops to use for a few days to prevent inflammation or infection. Follow the instructions provided.

  1. Follow-up: You will have a follow-up appointment to assess your healing progress and evaluate your visual acuity.

This information is provided as a general overview of YAG capsulotomy. If you have specific questions or concerns about your condition or the procedure, it's important to consult with your eye care provider. We can provide personalized information and guidance based on your individual circumstances. Contact our office if you are concerned you may have a secondary cataract or have any questions about the procedure.

​​​​​​​SLT, or Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty, is a common procedure used to treat glaucoma.

  1. Understanding Glaucoma:

  • Glaucoma is an eye condition characterized by increased pressure within the eye, which can lead to optic nerve damage and vision loss if left untreated.

  • SLT is a treatment option for open-angle glaucoma, the most common type, where the drainage channels in the eye become clogged over time.

  1. Purpose of SLT:

  • SLT uses a laser to target and treat the drainage channels of the eye, known as the trabecular meshwork.

  • The laser energy helps to improve the drainage of fluid from the eye, reducing intraocular pressure and preventing further damage to the optic nerve.

  1. Preparing for SLT:

  • Before the procedure, your eye doctor will perform a comprehensive eye examination to assess your eye health and determine if SLT is the right treatment for you.

  1. The SLT Procedure:

  • SLT is an outpatient procedure performed in your eye doctor's office or a specialized clinic.

  • Eye drops are used to numb the eye, and a special lens is placed on the eye to focus the laser accurately.

  • The laser is then applied to the trabecular meshwork, targeting specific areas to promote better drainage.

  • The procedure can be mildly uncomfortable during application of the laser, but does not require any pain medication.

  1. After SLT:

  • You can usually resume your regular activities immediately after the procedure, although it's advisable to rest for the remainder of the day.

  • Your eye doctor may prescribe eye drops to use temporarily to aid in the healing process.

  • It's essential to attend any scheduled follow-up appointments to monitor your eye pressure and assess the effectiveness of the treatment.

  1. Results and Potential Side Effects:

  • The effects of SLT may not be immediate, and it may take several weeks for the intraocular pressure to stabilize.

  • In some cases, SLT may need to be repeated if the pressure remains high or starts to increase again.

  • Possible side effects include temporary eye discomfort, redness, light sensitivity, and blurred vision, but these usually subside within a few days.

  1. Long-Term Care:

  • SLT does not cure glaucoma, but it can effectively control intraocular pressure and reduce the risk of further damage.

  • Regular follow-up visits with your eye doctor are necessary to monitor your eye health, adjust treatment if needed, and ensure the glaucoma is well managed.

This information is a general overview of SLT, and it's crucial to consult with your eye doctor for personalized advice and information specific to your condition. We can provide detailed explanations, address any concerns you may have, and guide you through the entire process of SLT treatment.


LPI, or Laser Peripheral Iridotomy, is a procedure used to treat certain eye conditions, specifically narrow-angle glaucoma and angle-closure glaucoma. It involves creating a small hole in the iris, which allows the flow of fluid in the eye to normalize and reduces the risk of increased eye pressure.

  1. Purpose of LPI: The primary goal of LPI is to prevent or relieve increased eye pressure caused by narrow or closed angles in the eye. By creating a small opening in the iris, the procedure helps to facilitate the flow of fluid (aqueous humor) within the eye, preventing a buildup of pressure that can damage the optic nerve and affect vision.

  1. Procedure Details: LPI is typically performed as an outpatient procedure by an ophthalmologist. Before the surgery, eye drops may be administered to constrict the pupil. During the procedure, a laser is used to create a tiny hole in the peripheral part of the iris. The laser is precise and minimally invasive, usually taking only a few minutes to complete.

  1. Preparing for LPI: Before undergoing LPI, your ophthalmologist will provide specific instructions. It's important to follow any preoperative guidelines, which may include stopping certain medications or eye drops before the surgery. You may also need someone to drive you home after the procedure as your vision might be temporarily blurred.

  1. What to expect during LPI: LPI is typically performed with the patient seated behind a microscope. Eye drops will be used to numb the eye, and your ophthalmologist may use a special contact lens to stabilize the eye and focus the laser. The laser will create a small opening in the iris, which can cause temporary discomfort. The procedure is usually quick and well-tolerated.

  1. After LPI: Following the procedure, you might experience mild discomfort or a scratchy sensation in your eye. Your ophthalmologist may prescribe eye drops to help prevent infection and reduce inflammation. It's important to use the prescribed medications as directed and attend any follow-up appointments.

  1. Recovery and Post-Operative Care: Most individuals recover quickly after LPI. It's important to avoid any strenuous activities or heavy lifting for a few days following the procedure. You may also be advised to wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from bright light or glare. Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments to monitor your progress and ensure proper healing.

  1. Risks and Complications: While LPI is generally considered safe, like any surgical procedure, it carries some risks. These may include infection, bleeding, increased eye pressure, inflammation, or damage to the cornea or lens. Your ophthalmologist will discuss these potential risks with you and address any concerns you may have.

​​​​​​​This information is provided as a general overview of LPI. If you have specific questions or concerns about your condition or the procedure, it's important to consult with your eye care provider. We can provide personalized information and guidance based on your individual circumstances.


Refractive lens exchange (RLE), also known as lens replacement surgery, is a surgical procedure performed to correct refractive errors of the eye, such as nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), or astigmatism. It involves removing the natural lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) to improve vision.

The procedure is similar to cataract surgery, where the cloudy or dysfunctional natural lens is removed and replaced with an IOL. However, in RLE, the natural lens is clear, but it is replaced with an IOL to correct refractive errors rather than removing a cloudy lens.

Here's a step-by-step overview of the refractive lens exchange procedure:

  1. Pre-operative Evaluation: A comprehensive eye examination is conducted to assess the patient's overall eye health, determine the degree of refractive error, measure the corneal curvature, and calculate the appropriate power of the IOL.

  1. Anesthesia: The procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia to numb the eye, but general anesthesia may be used in some cases.

  1. Incision: A small incision is made on the cornea, either at the edge or on the clear part of the cornea, using a microsurgical instrument.

  1. Capsulorhexis: A circular opening is created in the front portion of the natural lens capsule, which holds the lens in place. This allows access to the lens for removal and replacement.

  1. Lens Removal: The natural lens is fragmented and removed using various techniques, such as phacoemulsification. This involves using ultrasonic energy to break up the lens into tiny pieces, which are then gently suctioned out.

  1. IOL Implantation: Once the natural lens is removed, an artificial intraocular lens (IOL) is inserted into the empty lens capsule. The IOL is designed to compensate for the patient's refractive error, and different types of IOLs are available, including monofocal, multifocal, and toric lenses.

  1. Incision Closure: The incision is usually self-sealing, and sutures are not required in most cases. The eye is allowed to heal naturally.

  1. Post-operative Care: Patients are typically prescribed eye drops to prevent infection and promote healing. Regular follow-up visits are scheduled to monitor the healing process and assess visual acuity.

​​​​​​​Refractive lens exchange offers permanent vision correction and can eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses. However, like any surgical procedure, it carries certain risks and potential complications, such as infection, inflammation, corneal edema, or retinal detachment. It's essential to consult with an experienced eye care provider to evaluate if RLE is a suitable option for your specific needs. Contact our office if you are interested in learning more about RLE.

Multifocal intraocular lenses

Multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) and single vision IOLs are both used in cataract surgery and Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE) to replace the natural lens of the eye. However, they differ in how they address vision correction.

  1. Single Vision IOLs: Single vision IOLs are designed to provide clear vision at a single fixed distance, typically distance vision. They correct vision problems like nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), or astigmatism by focusing light on the retina for distant objects. This means that after the surgery, most people will still require glasses or contact lenses for near and intermediate vision tasks such as reading or computer work.

  1. Multifocal IOLs: Multifocal IOLs, on the other hand, are designed to provide vision correction at multiple distances. They have different zones or rings with varying focal lengths on the lens surface, allowing light to be focused at different distances simultaneously. This enables people to have clearer vision at both near and distance ranges without relying on glasses or contact lenses. The brain adapts to the different focal points and selects the appropriate one based on the distance of the viewed object.

Multifocal IOLs provide the advantage of reducing or eliminating the need for glasses after cataract surgery. They offer better functional vision across various distances, including near, intermediate (such as working on a computer), and distance vision. However, they can have some drawbacks, such as reduced contrast sensitivity or the presence of halos and glare around lights, particularly in low-light conditions. The amount of glare varies with different types of multifocal IOLs. Not everyone is a suitable candidate for multifocal IOLs, and individual visual needs should be considered when choosing the type of lens.

​​​​​​​It's important to note that both types of IOLs have their own pros and cons, and the choice between multifocal and single vision IOLs should be made based on an individual's preferences, lifestyle, visual needs, and the advice of an eye care provider. Contact our office if you are interested in learning more about the IOL options available for cataract or RLE surgery.

admin none 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM Closed Closed optometrist # # #